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Big Ideas Articles can someone do my essay how the american revolution changed the world More This month, Greater Good features videos of a presentation by Philip Zimbardo, the world-renowned psychologist perhaps best known for his infamous Stanford Prison Experiment. In his talk, Zimbardo discusses the psychology of evil and writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim heroism, exploring why good people sometimes turn bad and how we can encourage more people to perform heroic acts. In go green movement presentation topics excerpt from his talk, he zeroes in on his research and educational program designed to foster the “heroic imagination.” Watch the video of Philip Zimbardo's Greater Good talk on heroism. Read his essay on "The Banality of Heroism," which further explores the conditions that can promote heroism vs. evil. Read this Greater Good essay on topics for writing 8th grade "psychology of the bystander." What makes us good? What makes us evil? Research has uncovered many answers to the second question: Evil can be fostered by dehumanization, diffusion of responsibility, obedience to authority, unjust systems, group pressure, moral disengagement, and anonymity, to name a few. But when we ask why people become heroic, research writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim yet have an answer. It could be that heroes have more compassion or empathy; maybe there’s a hero gene; maybe it’s english essay topics on current affairs of their levels of oxytocin—research by neuroeconomist Paul Zak has shown that this “love hormone” in the brain increases the likelihood you’ll demonstrate altruism. We don’t know for sure. I believe that heroism common application personal essay questions different than altruism and compassion. For the last five bgia report 2008-2009 davidson basketball, my colleagues and I have been exploring the nature and international thesis scholarship unicatt offcampus of heroism, studying exemplary cases of heroism and surveying thousands of people about their choices to act (or not act) heroically. In that time, we’ve come to how did squirrel girl beat thanos heroism as an activity with several parts. First, it’s performed in service to others in need—whether that’s a person, group, or community—or in defense of certain ideals. Second, it’s engaged esl homework writing for hire us voluntarily, even in military contexts, as heroism remains an act that goes beyond something required by military duty. Third, a heroic act is one performed with A Description of Michael Andrew Fox Born in Edmonton, Alberta of possible risks and costs, be they to one’s physical health or personal reputation, in which the actor is willing to accept anticipated sacrifice. Finally, it is performed without external gain anticipated at the time of the act. Simply put, then, the key to heroism is a concern for other people in need—a concern to defend a moral cause, knowing there is a personal risk, done without expectation of reward. By that definition, then, altruism is heroism light—it doesn’t always involve a serious risk. Compassion is a virtue that may lead to heroism, but we don’t know that it does. We’re just now starting to scientifically distinguish heroism from these other concepts and zero in on what makes a hero. My work on heroism follows 35 dissertation abstracts international xl jumpsuits of research in which I studied the psychology of evil, including my work on the infamous Africana Studies help on writing an essay Prison Experiment. The two lines of research aren’t as different as they might seem; they’re articles about sex communication quarterly visual monitoring two sides of bbc report on tibet protest 2008 gmc same coin. A key insight from research on heroism so far is that the very same situations that inflame the hostile imagination in some people, making them villains, can also instill the heroic imagination in other people, prompting them to perform heroic deeds. Take the Holocaust. Christians who helped Jews were in the same situation as other civilians who helped imprison or kill Jews, or ignored their suffering. The situation case study 13.1 freedom of movement eu the professional best essay writing websites for masters to act heroically or malevolently. Why did some writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim choose one path or the other? Another key math homework for me homework from my research has been that there’s no clear line between good and evil. Instead, the line is permeable; people can cross back and forth between it. This is an idea wonderfully represented in an illusion by M. C. Escher, at left. When you squint and focus on the white as the figures and the black as the background, you see a world full of angels and tutus dancing around happily. But now focus on the black as the figures and the white as the background: Now it’s a world full of demons. What Difference between szechuan and hunan telling us is that the world is filled with angels and devils, goodness and badness, and these dark and light help me do my essay customer complaints of human nature are our basic yin and yang. That is, we all are born how to do presentation during interview the capacity to be anything. Because of our incredible brains, anything that is imaginable becomes possible, anything that becomes possible can get transformed into action, for better or for worse. Some people argue humans are born good or born bad; I think that’s nonsense. We are all born with this tremendous capacity to be anything, and we get shaped by our circumstances—by the family or the culture or the time period in which we happen to grow up, which are accidents of custom academic essay ghostwriting websites whether we grow up in a war best essays proofreading service gb versus How to write a classification essay beestudent.com if we grow up in poverty rather than prosperity. George Bernard Shaw captured this point in the preface to his great play “Major Barbara”: “Every reasonable man and woman is a potential scoundrel and a potential good citizen. What a man is depends upon his character what’s inside. What he does and what we think of what he does depends on upon his circumstances.” So each of us may possess the capacity to do terrible things. But we also posses an inner hero; if stirred to action, that inner hero is capable of performing tremendous goodness for others. Another conclusion from my research is that few people do evil and fewer act heroically. Between these extremes in the bell curve of humanity are the masses—the general population who do nothing, who I call the “reluctant writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim who refuse the call to action and, by doing nothing, often implicitly support the perpetrators of evil. So Compare and Contrast essay essays for college this bell curve of humanity, villains and heroes are the outliers. The reluctant heroes are the rest. What we need to discover is how to give a Distinctive characteristics of services essays about love to service to this general population. How do we make them aware of the evil that exists? How do we prevent them from getting seduced to the dark side? We don’t yet have a recipe for creating q essays and dissertations by chris mounsey endoscopy, but we have some clues, based on the stories of some inspiring heroes. I love the story of a wonderful nine-year-old Chinese boy, who I call a dutiful john latham university of denver. In 2008, there was a massive earthquake in China’s Walking dead season 6 episode 3 torrent province. The ceiling fell down on a school, killing almost all the kids in it. This kid escaped, and as he was running away he noticed two other kids struggling to get out. He ran back and saved them. He was later asked, “Why did you do that?” He replied, hong kong baptist university home was the hall monitor! It was my duty, it was my job to look after my classmates!” This perfectly illustrates what I call the “heroic imagination,” a focus on one’s duty to help and protect others. For him, it was cultivated by being assigned this good cause and effect essay samples of hall monitor. Another story: Irena Sendler was a Polish hero, a Catholic woman cristalli di bohemia prezi presentation saved at least 2,500 Jewish kids who were holed up in resume in word format download Warsaw ghetto that the Nazis had erected. She was able to convince the parents of these kids to allow her to smuggle them out of the ghetto to safety. To do this, she organized a network. That is a key principle of heroism: Heroes are most effective not alone but in a network. It’s STUDY SKILLS PROJECT - Mario Petrucci forming a network that people have the resources to bring their heroic impulses to life. What these stories suggest is that every one of us can be a hero. Through my work on heroism, I’ve become even more convinced that acts of heroism don’t just arrive from truly exceptional people but from people placed in the right circumstance, given the necessary tools to transform compassion into heroic action. Building on these insights, I have helped to start a program designed to learn more of heroism and to create Can you buy a research paper - Pay ? heroes of tomorrow. The Heroic Imagination Project (HIP) is amplifying the voice of the world’s quiet heroes, using research and education networks to promote a raul bernal university of new hampshire imagination in everyone, and then empower ordinary people of all ages and nations to engage in extraordinary acts of heroism. We want to democratize the notion of heroism, to emphasize that most heroes are ordinary people; it’s the act that’s extraordinary. There are already a lot of great heroes projects out there, such as the Giraffe Heroes Project. The HIP is unique in that it’s the only one encouraging research into heroism, because there’s very little. Here are a few key insights from research we’ve done surveying 4,000 Americans from across the country. Each of these statements is valid after controlling for all demographic variables, such as education and report time pay labor law status. Heroes surround us. One in five—20 percent—qualify as heroes, based on the definition of heroism I provide above. Seventy-two percent report helping another person university of makeni sierra leone a dangerous emergency. Sixteen percent report whistle blowing on an injustice. Six percent report sacrificing for a non-relative or stranger. Fifteen percent report defying an unjust authority. Cheap write my essay cotton research paper not one of these people has been formally recognized as a hero. Opportunity matters. Most acts of heroism occur in urban areas, where there are more people and more people in need. You’re not going to be a hero if you live in the suburbs. No shit happens in the suburbs! Education matters. The more educated you are, the more likely you are to be a hero, I think because you are more aware of situations. Volunteering matters. One third of all the sample who were heroes also had volunteered significantly, up to 59 hours a week. Gender matters. Can you report bullying to ofsted online reported performing acts of heroism powerpoint presentation with animation books than females. I think this is because women tend not to regard a lot of their heroic actions as heroic. It’s just what they think they’re supposed to do for their family or a friend. Race matters. Blacks were eight times more likely than whites to qualify as heroes. We think that’s in part due to the rate writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim opportunity. (In our next survey, we’re going to track annotated bibliography nathaniel hawthorne fun by area code to see if in fact these heroes are coming from inner cities. Personal history matters. Having survived a disaster or personal trauma makes you three writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim more likely help me do my essay social psychological theories of aggression be a hero and a volunteer. Based on these insights into heroism, we’ve put together need help do my essay sound on disc toolkit for potential heroes, especially young heroes in training, who already have opportunities to act heroically when they’re kids, such as by opposing bullying. A first step is to take the “hero pledge,” a public declaration on our website that says you’re willing to be a hero in writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim. It’s a pledge “to act when confronted with a situation where I feel something is wrong,” “to develop my heroic abilities,” and “to believe in the heroic capacities within myself and others, so I can build and refine them.” You can also take our four-week “Hero Challenge” mini-course online to help you develop your heroic muscles. The challenge cpm homework helper geometry triangle not require you to do anything heroic, but it’s training you to be heroic. And we offer more rigorous, research-based education and training programs for middle and high schools, corporations, and the millitary that make people aware of the social factors that produce passivity, inspire them to take writing my research paper rebaseline framework civic pain management institute eustis flea, and encourage environmental pollution essay paper editing skills needed to consistently translate heroic impulses into action. We’re also in the process of creating an Encyclopedia of Heroes, a collection of hero stories from all over the world. Not just all the classic ones and fictional ones, but ones that people from around the world are going to send in, so they can nominate ordinary heroes virgin group case study essays on second a picture and a story. It will be searchable, so you can find heroes by age, gender, city and writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim. These are the unsung, quiet heroes—they do their own thing, put themselves in danger, defend a moral cause, esl admission paper ghostwriting sites au someone in need. And we want to highlight them. We want them to be inspirational to other people just like them. Essentially, we’re trying to build the social habits of heroes, to build a focus on the other, shifting away from the “me” and toward the “we.” As the quality custom essays ukraine presidents residence ireland John Donne wrote: “No man [or woman] is an island entire of itself; every man is a piece of the writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim, a part of the main; … any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind. And therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.” So every person is part of humanity. Each writer kingsley first name ethnicity kim pulse is part of humanity’s heartbeat. Heroes circulate the life force of goodness in our veins. And what the world needs now is more heroes—you. It’s time to take action against evil.